Cyber Security Awareness Bangladesh
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Cyber Security Awareness: A Guide for Everyone (Episode4: Staying Ahead of Emerging Cyber Security Threats)

In this episode, we’ll discuss the emerging threats in the field of cyber security and what steps you can take to stay ahead of the game. As technology continues to evolve, new vulnerabilities and risks emerge, making it essential for individuals and organizations to stay informed and proactive in their cybersecurity efforts.

Cybersecurity on AI & Machine learning:

One of the most significant emerging threats is the rise of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning. While these technologies offer incredible benefits and opportunities for innovation, they also present new risks and vulnerabilities. Hackers can use AI to automate attacks and develop more sophisticated techniques, while also exploiting vulnerabilities in AI systems themselves.

One example of an AI risk or attack is the use of deep fakes, which are realistic-looking videos or audio recordings that are manipulated using artificial intelligence algorithms. Deepfakes can be used to spread false information or to manipulate public opinion, which can have serious consequences for individuals or organizations.

For example, in 2019, a group of researchers created a deep fake video of the CEO of a UK-based energy company, which was used to trick a senior executive into transferring $243,000 to a bank account controlled by the attackers. The video was created using machine learning algorithms and was designed to look and sound like the CEO giving instructions to transfer the money.

This incident demonstrates the potential risks of AI-powered attacks and highlights the need for organizations to stay informed about new threats and vulnerabilities in order to stay ahead of the game.

Protecting against AI and machine learning threats can be challenging, but there are some steps that organizations can take:

  • Develop a comprehensive AI security strategy: Organizations should create a detailed plan that addresses potential risks and threats associated with AI and machine learning systems.
  • Implement access controls: Access to AI and machine learning systems should be restricted to authorized personnel only, and multi-factor authentication should be used to ensure that only authorized users can access these systems.
  • Conduct regular vulnerability assessments: Regular vulnerability assessments should be conducted to identify potential weaknesses in AI and machine learning systems.
  • Use machine learning to detect threats: Organizations can use machine learning algorithms to detect unusual patterns of behavior or activity that could indicate a cyber attack.
  • Train employees on AI security: Employees should be trained on the risks associated with AI and machine learning systems and taught how to identify potential threats. Must understand and verify deep fake video and audio before receiving instructions.
  • Use encryption: Encryption can help protect sensitive data that is processed by AI and machine learning systems.
  • Stay up-to-date: Organizations should stay informed about the latest AI and machine learning security trends and vulnerabilities, and take appropriate action to address them.

CyberSecurity on IOT:

Another emerging threat is the Internet of Things (IoT), which refers to the increasing number of connected devices that make up our digital landscape. As more devices are connected to the internet, they become potential targets for cyber attacks. Hackers can exploit vulnerabilities in IoT devices to gain access to sensitive data, and control systems, or even cause physical harm.

One notable example is the Mirai botnet, which was responsible for a massive DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attack that affected major websites. Mirai was able to infect a large number of IoT devices, such as routers, security cameras, and DVRs, and use them to launch coordinated attacks.

One recent incident involving an IoT attack occurred in 2020 when a group of hackers gained access to the network of a water treatment plant in Oldsmar, Florida. The hackers attempted to increase the amount of sodium hydroxide in the water supply to dangerous levels by remotely accessing the plant’s control system through remote access software. Fortunately, an employee monitoring the system noticed the attack and was able to quickly reverse the changes before any harm was done. This incident highlights the potential danger of IoT attacks and the importance of securing these devices to prevent unauthorized access.

Another example is the attack on a casino’s high-roller database via an IoT fish tank. The fish tank was connected to the casino’s network and had a vulnerability that was exploited by hackers, giving them access to the database.

These examples demonstrate the potential risks of IoT devices if they are not properly secured and monitored. As more and more devices become connected to the internet, it is increasingly important to prioritize IoT security to protect against potential attacks.

To protect against IoT attacks, here are some steps you can take:

  • Keep IoT devices updated: Make sure to keep your IoT devices updated with the latest security patches and software updates.
  • Change default settings: Change default usernames and passwords on IoT devices, and make sure to use strong, unique passwords.
  • Secure your network: Use strong and secure passwords for your Wi-Fi network, and encrypt the data transmitted over your network.
  • Monitor IoT devices: Keep an eye on your IoT devices and look for any suspicious activity, such as unexpected data transfers or unusual network activity.
  • Use a VPN: Consider using a virtual private network (VPN) to encrypt your internet connection and protect your IoT devices from external attacks.
  • Limit IoT device access: Limit the number of IoT devices connected to your network, and only allow trusted devices to connect.
  • Consider a separate network: Create a separate network specifically for IoT devices, which is separate from your main network, to minimize the risk of an attack spreading to other devices.

To stay ahead of these emerging threats, it’s essential to stay informed and up-to-date with the latest developments in cyber security. This means following industry experts, attending conferences and events, and subscribing to newsletters and blogs that cover the latest trends and threats. It’s also important to invest in the latest security technologies and best practices, such as multi-factor authentication, encryption, and regular security audits.

Ultimately, staying ahead of emerging cybersecurity threats requires a proactive and ongoing effort. By staying informed, adopting best practices, and working with trusted security experts, you can help protect yourself and your organization from the ever-evolving risks of the digital world.

Author: K.A.M. Rashedul Mazid, CEO, Rits Browser

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